The story of Clojure Var's - part 2

May 15, 2010

Clojure `vars' have many other interesting features. For example, in the code snippet given below:


(def k 10)
(defn foo [] (binding [k 2] (+ k 3))) ; returns 5

We are `binding' the var k to value 2 within function `foo' - this is completely different from doing `(def k 2)' within `foo' because we are now assigning a different value for the var `k' which is visible only within function `foo' - this `binding' does not in any way affect the global, `root binding' of the var, which still remains as 10.

Bindings have `dynamic scope'. Let's find out what this means.


(def k 10)

(defn fun1 [] (+ k 5))

(defn fun2 [] (binding [k 100] (fun1))) ; returns 105

In a statically scoped language, function `fun1' should always return 15, whether it is called directly or from some other function. But we see that when `fun1' is called from `fun2' (after having created a new binding for k), it sees 100 as the value for `k'. This shows that bindings have dynamic scope.

A `var' need not always have a root binding; thus, you can do:


(def T)

; (+ T 2) will not work - no value for T

(defn foo [] (binding [T 10] (+ T 2))) ; returns 12

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